"Shiatsu" is a Japanese word meaning "finger pressure". It is a "hands-on" therapy used both as a compliment to conventional medicine and as a preventative / alternative therapy.
"Shiatsu technique refers to the use of fingers and palms of one's hands to apply pressure to particular sections on the surface of the body for the purpose of correcting the imbalances of the body, and for maintaining and promoting health. It is also a method contributing to the healing of specific illnesses."
- From "The Theory and Practice of Shiatsu" published by the Ministry of Health in Japan, in 1957.